Peer Coaching Principles

By practicing the principles of Peer Coaching you can help your peers work through challenges in an empowered way, whilst developing your own leadership capabilities in the process.

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Coaching is a process that focuses on the development of specific skills to achieve defined goals, by using our inherent ability to find answers through our own experience and knowledge.

Peer Coaching practice also develops the trust and bonds between peers and unlocks the agency within your peers that is the cornerstone of the Clore Social Leadership approach.

Think of the Coaching Principles as the guardrails of your coaching session—quick, memorable recipes that will help keep you on track. These principles describe the most important elements of good coaching practice. It might require a mindset shift. As a coach, you are facilitating rather than fixing. Most of all - it’s about practising. We learn coaching by coaching. The good news is there are many opportunities in our day to day lives for practice!


  • Active listening - A peer coach listens, reflects back what they are hearing, asks incisive questions.
  • Resist imposing your own solution - A peer coach does not tell the coachee what to do. They ask open - not leading - questions. They act as a facilitator for the coachee to come up with their own solutions.
  • Save advice for the end - As a peer coach you may have some insight or experience that you feel may be valuable to your coachee. You may ask them if they would like you to share this insight with them, but only at the end of questioning session. It's always better if they can get there themselves,
  • Silence is your friend - A peer coach is comfortable with silence. Many of us feel we need to fill up the silence with talking. Allowing someone to think through their response helps to develop critical thinking skills.
Facilitator notes

Upholding the principles of peer coaching is much easier said than done. Even if we know what we’re supposed to be doing we still slip into our old ways and mess up. But that’s ok!

Try to relax and have fun with it. Don’t be afraid to try things out. Remember that we learn coaching by doing coaching.


The principles of peer coaching is a summary of Clore Socials approach to peer coaching. It draws from our experience facilitating conversations between leaders as well as the practices from our professional coaches.

It’s unknown who coined the phrase Peer Coaching and developed it as a model – however, it has been used for a long time within the context of teaching and teacher evaluation.

Nesta’s Peer Coaching Learning Manual:

A summary of Peer Coaching Basics by Laura Gogia:

10 Tips to Get Started with Peer Coaching by Shana Montesol Johnson:


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